Shallots Growing Guide

Allium ascalonicum


Crop Rotation Group

Allium (Onion family) 


Fertile, well drained soil with compost dug in. In clay soil, use raised beds or rows.


Full sun.

Frost tolerant



Not normally required.


Single Plants: 15cm (5") each way (minimum)
Rows: 10cm (3") with 15cm (5") row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Easiest to sow as sets (tiny bulbs) which are planted direct into the soil from early winter onwards. Can also be grown from seed in which case start in pots under cover in late winter before planting out mid spring.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Used instead of onions for an earlier crop and concentrated flavour.


Harvest from mid summer as soon as they reach a reasonable size. If storing them, wait until the tops start to die down and dry for about 10 days.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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Pests which Affect Shallots

Plant Diseases which Affect Shallots