Artichoke (Globe) Growing Guide

Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus

Artichoke (Globe)

Crop Rotation Group



Rich, well drained, with plenty of compost added.


Full sun or partial afternoon shade.

Frost tolerant

Short-lived perennial where winters are mild, but often grown as an annual in climates with warm days and cool nights.


Keep well fed with liquid feed through midsummer. Feed less when plants begin to produce buds.


Single Plants: 2' 11" (90cm) each way (minimum)
Rows: 2' 11" (90cm) with 2' 11" (90cm) row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Start seeds indoors 8 weeks before last spring frost, or buy rooted divisions in spring. Set out at about the time of the last frost.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Need plenty of water, so mulch generously to keep the soil cool and moist.


Use a sharp knife to cut the heads (flower buds) with 2 inches of stem attached while they are still closed or justly slightly opening.


Artichokes grow best in cool, maritime climates, but a few plants are worth trying in any garden.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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Pests which Affect Artichoke (Globe)