Brussels Sprouts Growing Guide

Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera

Brussels Sprouts

Crop Rotation Group

Brassicas (Cabbage family) 


Rich, deep soil, firm with plenty of well rotted compost dug in to provide abundant organic matter.


Full sun.

Frost tolerant

Yes, improves with frost.


Mix a high-nitrogen compost into the soil before planting.


Single Plants: 1' 11" (60cm) each way (minimum)
Rows: 1' 11" (60cm) with 1' 11" (60cm) row gap (minimum)

Sow and Plant

Where summers are cool, start indoors in early spring and set plants out when they have 5 or more leaves. In other areas, start seeds indoors in summer and set out plants 8 weeks before your first fall frost date.
Our Garden Planner can produce a personalized calendar of when to sow, plant and harvest for your area.


Under the coldest conditions, colonies of gray-green cabbage aphids can seriously infest plants. Control early outbreaks with insecticidal soap.


Harvest from the bottom of the plant upward, twisting off sprouts that are larger than a marble. Removing nearby leaves helps to make room for growing sprouts.

Planting and Harvesting Calendar

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Pests which Affect Brussels Sprouts

Plant Diseases which Affect Brussels Sprouts